Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomas or myomas, are generally benign growths that develop from the muscle tissue of the uterus. The size, shape, and location of fibroids can vary greatly. They can occur at any age but are most common in women aged 30–40 years.
According to The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, fibroids may cause the following symptoms:
- Changes in menstruation pattern and flow, such as: longer, more frequent, or heavy menstrual periods; menstrual pain (cramps); vaginal bleeding at times other than menstruation; and anemia (from blood loss).
- Pain in the abdomen or lower back, or during sex.
- Pressure such as difficulty urinating or frequent urination, constipation, rectal pain, or difficult bowel movements, and abdominal cramps.
- Enlarged uterus and abdomen.
- Or they may also cause no symptoms.
Fibroids may be found during a routine pelvic exam or tests to address symptoms. Please consult with your gynecologist about different treatment options for fibroids.
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Note: The information provided on this page is not intended to be used for medical diagnosis or as medical advice. This information is not comprehensive and does not recommend a course of action to be followed. For medical advice, please consult with your obstetrician and gynecologist.